Study published in the journal BMC Medicine by the University of Leeds . Vegetarians have a 33 percent higher risk of hip fracture than regular meat eaters .
Woodhouse (Leeds), United Kingdom, August 11: Vegetarians have a 33 percent higher risk of hip fracture than normal meat eaters, according to a study published today in the journal BMC Medicine by the University of Leeds.The study, published today (Thursday, August 11,), compared the risk of hip fracture among occasional meat-eaters; pescatarians (people who eat fish but not meat); and vegetarians to regular meat-eaters.Of the sample population, 26,318 women were recorded with 822 hip fracture incidents over the course of 20 years, representing just over 3%.Vegetarians were the only diet group with an elevated risk of hip fracture after adjustment for factors such as smoking and age.Scientists emphasize the need for more research into the exact reasons for why vegetarians were at a greater risk of hip fracture.Vegetarian diets can be healthy or unhealthy According to lead author James Webster of the School of Food Science and Nutrition at Leeds, a doctoral researcher, our report highlights potential concerns regarding hip fracture risk in women who consume a vegetarian diet.However, it isn't encouraging people to switch to vegetarian diets.It is important to understand individual circumstances and what nutrients are required for a balanced and healthy lifestyle, as with any diet. However, it's concerning that vegetarian diets contain lower amounts of nutrients that are associated with bone and muscle growth.Protein, calcium, and other micronutrients are generally more abundant in meat and other animal products than in plants.Low intake of these nutrients can reduce bone mineral density and muscle mass, making you more vulnerable to hip fracture risk.It's therefore vital that further studies be carried out to better understand the factors that cause the higher risk in vegetarians, whether it's specific nutrient deficiencies or weight management, so that we can help people make healthier choices. According to recent research, a vegetarian diet can reduce the risk of many chronic diseases, such as diabetes, heart disease, and cancer, relative to omnivorous diets.In an attempt to combat climate change, there is also a global call for reducing the consumption of animal products, including hip fracture in vegetarians, according to Professor Janet Cade, co-author of the Study, which explains that: Hip fracture is a global health problem that costs a lot less money than it costs to maintain independence, reduces quality of life, and increases risk of other health problems.Poor bone health has been linked to poor bone health in plants, but there has been no consensus on the connection with hip fracture risk.This study is a crucial step towards understanding the risks that plant-based diets can pose in the long run, and what can be done to mitigate those risks. The University of Leeds created a national cohort of middle-aged women to investigate the relationship between diet and chronic disease, which covered a wide variety of eating patterns.In a sample of women, diet information was extracted using a food frequency questionnaire and was validated using a 4-day food diary.The women were aged 35 to 69 years when they were recruited into the cohort study.The effect of a low BMIThe research team found that the average BMI among vegetarians was marginally lower than that among regular meat eaters.Low BMI has a high chance of hip fracture, according to new research.Lower BMI can indicate that individuals are underweight, which can result in poorer bone and muscle health and a higher chance of hip fracture. Further studies are required to see if there are similar outcomes in men, to assess the effect of body mass, and to determine the sources of the differences among vegetarians and meat-eaters.