The Democratic Forum (TDF) argued about the politicisation of water in the Himalayan region . China needs to take responsibility for a more consensus-based approach to water in the Himalayan region .
London, UK, June 24: During a meeting, the Democratic Forum (TDF) argued about the politicisation of water and stressed that China needs to take responsibility for a more consensus-based approach to water in the Himalayan region.China does not participate in multilateral negotiations concerning transport boundary water use, instead negotiating via bilateral economic diplomacy, such as through the BRI, where it holds the whip hand, according to TDF Chair Barry Gardiner.Participants in a June 22 seminar hosted by London-based not-for-profit The Democracy Forum (TDF) titled Impending Himalayan water crisis: causes and effects, Gardiner said.Because climate change accelerates faster at high altitudes, affecting the global average of 1.5 degrees, a major glacier melt threatens both food and energy production and wildlife in the region, causing the most significant glacier melt.China's upstream position gives it a lot of power, and this hydrological asymmetry is balanced by geopolitical asymmetry.India's existential worry is that China will eventually divert the Brahmaputra River northward, but China also sees India's plans from a security perspective, interpreting India as a threat.Gardiner wondered if the Indus Water Treaty was broad or malleable enough to tackle novel challenges such as rising water levels in India.Dr Paromita Ghosh, a researcher at the G.B. To escape the impending Himalayan water crisis, social sciences, economics, and ecology must be integrated with hydrology and hydrogeology, according to Dr Ghosh.Dr. Anil Kulkarni, Distinguished Scientist at the Divecha Center for Climate Change, Indian Institute of Science, explored the fate of the Himalayan cryosphere under a warm environment, and how this could affect water security in the subcontinent.Dr. Kulkarni discussed temperature shifts, decrease in rain and snowfall, the vulnerability of drying mountain streams, the fact that glaciers are rapidly losing mass, particularly in the Karakoram district, where there is no rain coming from monsoons, and how investment is needed to assist communities, particularly those that are affected by glacier melt.With a different loss of mass balance, the eastern river mass loss is higher than the western, water distribution can be influenced by bad science, mis-development, and mismanagement. He also discussed six different types and qualities of Himalayan water, arguing that there is no common definition of what they are or who created them, let alone solutions for each one, or public goods that need to be managed by municipalities, government departments, etc., or common pool products.Only then, Gyawali said, are different organising styles (of bureaucratic hierarchism, market individualism, and activist egalitarianism) emerge at the democratic policy table, where their voices are We are far from reaching that stage, he said.Dr Aditi Mukherji, Principal Researcher, International Water Management Institute (New Delhi), referred to some of the recent findings from the IPCC and the Hindu Kush Himalayan Assessment on the impacts of climate change in the region, arguing that human influence has heated the earth at a rate unprecedented in the last 2,000 years.We live in a climate-changed world; it is not a future phenomenon. What do global shifts entail for the Himalayas?She enquired.At higher elevations, HKH will warm more than the global average, and will warm more quickly.Even 1.5 degrees is too hot for the Himalayas, as glaciers will lose 36% of their volume by 2100 at that temperature. We should rely less on hydropower and more on solar.According to the IPPC results, this decade should be one of reduction, adaptation, and just transitions.Dr. Mukherji concluded with a warning: Each bit of warming matters, every season matters, and every choice matters.The Tibetan Plateau, which includes 46,000 icebergs that play a crucial role in maintaining Asia's atmospheric circulation, is vital for Dhondup Wangmo, a Research Fellow at the Tibet Policy Institutes, Environment and Development Desk. The lower riparian countries also had water and economic stability.The retreat and demise of ice sheets, ice, and glaciers on the Tibetan Plateau will have an effect on the water quality in all the affected counties.Climate change on the Tibetan Plateau is therefore a global issue, not just Tibet, according to Wangmo, who attributed it to anthropogenic activities, and she referred to the consequences of the Chinese invasion of Tibet, such as excessive development and mining.With China being the supreme power of rivers flowing downstream, all affected countries should be included in combating the water crisis and should be encouraged to engage in talks with them. Charles Iceland, Global Director, Water (Acting), from the World Resources Institute, gave an overview and broad analysis of water quality and global water risk.He addressed the issue of chronic risk (using too much water relative to what we have naturally from rain), as well as episodic danger, such as flooding, and the danger of forced displacement caused by water shortages and conflict over water scarcity.He also discussed how droughts and floods can contribute to food price spikes, food insecurity, and subsequent conflict.