The bill was passed by the House of Representatives on Friday . It includes new firearms regulations and billions of dollars in mental health and school safety funds .
In a world beset by daily school massacres, US lawmakers erupted in applause on Friday when they passed a bipartisan bill that became the most significant gun control bill in nearly 30 years.In a 234-193 vote, the House of Representatives approved a bill that included new firearms regulations and billions of dollars in mental health and school safety funds.The bill would increase requirements for youth to purchase guns, prohibit guns from more domestic abusers, and allow local authorities to remove weapons from people that have been classified as dangerous.The majority of the $13 billion cost would go to help improve mental health services and schools, which have been targeted in Newtown, Connecticut, Parkland, Florida, and many other tragic massacres.The bill was sparked by the killings of 19 children and two teachers at an elementary school in Uvalde, Texas, just one month earlier, along with the killing of ten Black shoppers in Buffalo, New York.Following the massacres, lawmakers returned from their jurisdictions, with constituents calling for reform, a vehemence that many felt could not be ignored.Of the victims, House Judiciary Committee Chairman Jerrold Nadler, D-N.Y., said that no legislation can save their families or communities.However, we can also help others to avoid the same fate. Rep. Jim Jordan of Ohio, the top Republican on the Judiciary Committees, says they are going after our Second Amendment rights today, and who knows what it will be like tomorrow.The juxtaposition of the weeks gun victories with two jarring Supreme Court decisions on two of the nations most incendiary culture war issues was almost impossible to ignore.The justices sank down on Thursday to repeal a New York statute that barred individuals from carrying concealed weapons, and on Friday, it overturned Roe v. Wade, ending the protection for abortion that had existed for a half-century.The bill was endorsed by fifteen Senate Republicans, but only fewer than one-third of Republican senators voted against it. The bill lacked top Democratic demands, such as prohibitions on assault-style rifles and high-capacity assault rifles used in the slayings in Buffalo and Uvalde.It also guaranteed that both sides would win by demonstrating to voters that they know how to compromise and make government work.But the Senate votes also highlighted the nervousness of many Republicans about criticizing their constituencies' pro-gun voters and gun organisations like the National Rifle Association.Sens. Four of the remaining candidates are retiring, and eight of them will not be seen by voters until 2026.The fact is that GOP senators did not vote in 2024, including potential presidential candidates Ted Cruz of Texas, Josh Hawley of Missouri, and Tim Scott of South Carolina.Cruz said the bill would disarm law-abiding residents rather than take drastic steps to protect our children.Senators Chris Murphy, D-Conn., Kyrsten Sinema, D-Ariz., John Cornyn, R-Texas, and Thom Tillis, R-N.C., were among the speakers on the bill's committees. When people attempt to purchase weapons, the bill will allow the local juvenile records of people aged 18 to 20 to be made available during the required federal background checks.To give federal and local authorities time to search records, the tests, which are currently limited to three days, will last up to a maximum of ten days.People guilty of domestic assault who are now or former romantic partners of the victim will be barred from carrying weapons, thus closing the so-called boyfriend loophole.The prohibition can now only be imposed on individuals who are married to, living with, or have children with the perpetrator. Such laws are enacted in 19 states and the District of Columbia.Background checks are expanded by rewriting the terms of the federally licensed gun dealers that perform them.Penalties for gun trafficking have been reduced, billions of dollars have been set aside for mental health clinics and school mental health services, and there is also funding for school safety programs, but not for employees to use a dangerous weapon.