India leads only China in the global diabetes epidemic, with 77 million people affected . India leads only China in the global diabetes epidemic, with 77 million people affected .
MUMBAI (MUMBAI): Digital therapies may be a critical component of diabetes care.Endocrinologists around the country are assisting newly diagnosed diabetes patients with reverse reactions by using smart watches or activity monitors.Dr Shashank Joshi, a Mumbai endocrinologist, presented a paper at the American Association of Clinical Endocrinology in San Diego on Friday to show how a collaborative technology platform developed by an IIT Madras startup helped patients achieve Type 2 diabetes recovery.According to Joshi, diabetes remission is now the norm, particularly for patients who have been suffering for less than seven years.A remission is defined as an HbA1c blood test result below 6.5 three months after stopping the medication.Artificial intelligence and the Internet of Things (IoT), Joshi said, is also a member of the states Covid task force, is assisting diabetics in recognizing which foods cause a rise in blood sugar levels and thereby limiting fluctuations.In the future, each diabetic will require different care, according to Endocrinologist Shashank Joshi, who said that using digital tools will continuously monitor a patient's blood sugar levels, his or her degree of joy or stress, as well as sleep patterns.For example, the doctor suggested that it could be a smartwatch. Consider Navi Mumbai-based pediatric surgeon Arbinder Singhal, who was diagnosed as pre-diabetic and partnered with a health-tech company to create 24x7 blood sugar monitors after being diagnosed with diabetes.The monitors are placed just below the skin to show blood sugar levels of a patient over the day, indicating spikes and decreases.Then, people can fine-tune their diet to ensure that sugar levels are still within the normal range.It is about precision medicine. In diabetes, we look at glycemic excursions (a term used to describe how much particular foods raise blood sugar levels).According to Dr Damodaran, idlis ingested for breakfast would affect the blood sugar levels of different people in the same way.Once the device or program used by the patient detects a pattern of the glycemic excursion, machine learning throws up the chart.Dr Joshi said that our program even tells patients how many idlis they should reduce or increase in order to keep their morning sugar levels in check. According to estimates, there are 12 participants in the upcoming year.While 1 million people under the age of 65 years have diabetes, the number could rise to 27.By 2045, 5 million people will be born.Diabetes is one of the worst chronic diseases, as it raises the risk of heart attack, stroke, and kidney failure, among other ailments.